1.4. Dashboard and governing bodies

Fig. 1.7. Dashboard and governing bodies

On the dashboard the following instrumentations and governing bodies (fig. 1.7) are located.
1 – hydroproofreader of light of headlights. Rotation of the handle depending on loading of the car correct a tilt angle of a beam of light of headlights so that passing beam did not blind drivers of counter transport.
2 – lever of the switch of light of headlights and indexes of turn. The lever of the switch can hold the following positions:
I \indexes of turn are switched off, passing beam of headlights is turned on if the switch 24 of external lighting is in the second, fixed situation;
II \indexes of the left turn (unstable situation) are included;
III \indexes of the left turn (the fixed situation) are included;
IV \indexes of the right turn (unstable situation) are included;
V \indexes of the right turn (the fixed situation) are included;
VI \movement of the lever of itself turns on driving beam of headlights irrespective of position of the switch of headlights (unstable situation);
VII \movement of the lever from itself turns on driving beam of headlights if the switch of external lighting is in the second, fixed situation (the fixed situation).
3 – buttons of a sound signal. To include a sound signal, press one of buttons on a steering wheel.
4 – lever of the switch of cleaners and washers of wind and back glasses. The switch includes electric chains at the included ignition.
The lever of the switch can be transferred to the following provisions:
I \cleaners and washers of glasses are switched off;
II \the faltering operating mode of screenwash (unstable situation) is included;
III \the faltering operating mode of screenwash (the fixed situation) is included;
IV \small speed of screenwash is included;
V \high speed of screenwash is included;
VI \the windshield washer (unstable situation) is included by movement of the lever of itself;
VII \by movement of the lever from itself glass cleaner of a back door (the fixed situation) is included;
VIII \by movement of the lever from itself the washer of glass of a back door (unstable situation) is in addition included.
5 – the speedometer of induction type shows with what speed the car moves at present. The speedometer drive electric, from the sensor installed on a case of the transfer case.
6 – regulator of brightness of lighting of devices. At the included external lighting by rotation of the regulator change brightness of lighting of devices.
7 – the index of level of fuel in tanks with a control lamp of a reserve of fuel. The control lamp lights up orange light in need of refueling of the car in order to avoid interruptions in operation of the engine.
8 – index of temperature of cooling liquid.
9 – blocks of control and alarm lamps. The following lamps are installed in blocks (fig. 1.8):
1 – alarm lamp of availability of water in fuel. Lights up at achievement of the most admissible water level in the filter of thin purification of fuel (it is used only on cars with the diesel engine);
2 – control lamp of inclusion of candles of an incandescence. Lights up at inclusion of candles of an incandescence (it is used only on cars with the diesel engine);
3 – alarm lamp of the category of the rechargeable battery. Lights up at inclusion of ignition. After launch of the engine the lamp has to go out.

Fig. 1.8. Blocks of control and alarm lamps


Note
Burning of a lamp in the idling mode right after launch of the engine is allowed. In order that the generator began to develop charging current, once press the accelerator pedal — the lamp has to go out.

Burning of a lamp at the working engine (except for the mode noted above) states on the lack of charging current caused by malfunction of the generator or regulator of tension, and also a weak tension or break of a belt of the drive of the generator;
4 – alarm lamp of an emergency overheat of cooling liquid;

Prevention
The movement of the car with the burning lamp is forbidden.

5 – an alarm lamp of emergency pressure drop of oil in the engine lubrication system. Lights up after inclusion of ignition and dies away after launch of the engine at increase in turns of a bent shaft of the engine;

Prevention
The movement of the car with the burning lamp is forbidden.

6 – alarm lamp of critical condition of the brake system. Lights up at leak of brake fluid owing to depressurization of any contour of the brake system;

Prevention
The movement of the car with the burning lamp is forbidden.

7 – control lamp of turning on of the parking brake. Lights up at the included ignition if the car is slowed down by the parking brake;
8 – control lamp of inclusion of indexes of turn and alarm system. Lights up the blinking light at inclusion of indexes of turn (synchronously with them);     
9 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights. Points to inclusion of driving beam of headlights;
10 – an alarm lamp "CHECK the ENGINE". Lights up on 0,6 with at inclusion of ignition.

Note
Burning of an alarm lamp "CHECK the ENGINE" at the working engine confirms malfunction of a control system of the engine (system of injection of fuel). It does not mean that the engine should be stopped immediately: the control system of the engine switches over to the emergency operation allowing the engine to work in the conditions close to normal. However the cause of defect needs to try to be removed as soon as possible as long operation of the car with the burning lamp can lead to increase in fuel consumption, deterioration in traction characteristics of the car and to breakages of the engine.

10 – index of pressure of oil.
11 – voltmeter. At the included ignition and the idle engine the voltmeter shows tension on plugs of the rechargeable battery, and at the working engine — tension given by the generator.
12 – lighter. Press the boss the button — approximately through 15 about the lighter automatically comes back to a starting position, ready to application. At the included lighting of devices the nest of the lighter is highlighted by a special lamp.
13 – switch of fog lights. Fog lights include pressing the switching off button at the turned-on dimensional light, by repeated pressing the button fog lights are switched off.
14 – the switch of sensors of the index of level of fuel in tanks.
15 – switch of illumination of salon. When pressing the button the plafond of illumination of salon joins, by repeated pressing the plafond is switched off.
16 – heater crane.
17 – heater cover.
18 – gates of branch pipes of an obduv of space for legs of the driver and forward passenger.
19 – gear shifting lever. The scheme of gear shifting is applied on the handle of the lever.
20 – the lever of inclusion of the forward bridge and the lowering transfer. The scheme of gear shifting is applied on the handle of the lever:
2H — direct transfer, the forward bridge it is switched off;
4H — direct transfer, the forward bridge it is included;
N — a neutral;
4L — the forward bridge and the lowering transfer are included.
21 – lever of the parking brake. To slow down the car the parking brake, lift the lever against the stop up — in the block of control and alarm lamps the lamp 7 will light up (see fig. 1.8). For a car disinhibition, having pulled the lever a little up and having pressed the button at a lever handle end face, lower it against the stop down — the control lamp has to go out.
22 – switch of a back fog lamp. When pressing the button of the switch the back fog lamp joins if external lighting is included. By repeated pressing not the button the back fog lamp is switched off.
23 – switch of operating modes of the electric motor of a heater. When pressing a key shoulder to the first fixed situation the low speed of the electric fan joins, when pressing high speed against the stop joins.
24 – switch of external lighting. Pressing a key shoulder to the first fixed situation turns on the dimensional light, to the second fixed situation — in addition headlights.
25 – switch of the alarm system. When pressing the button the blinking light of all indexes of turn and a control lamp in the button is turned on. The alarm system is switched off by repeated pressing the button.
26 – handle of the hatch of ventilation of salon.
27 – accelerator pedal.
28 – brake pedal.
29 – coupling pedal.
30 – cowl lock drive handle.
31 – the switch (lock) of ignition (for petrol engines) and the switch of devices and a starter (for diesel engines).