2.1.2. Recommendations about operation

It is necessary to make service and car repairs during a warranty period only at service stations, with an obligatory mark about work in coupons of the service book, otherwise you lose a guarantee for the car.
Do not begin the movement on the car with not heated-up engine, and after launch of not heated-up engine do not allow the big frequency of rotation of a bent shaft.
At inclusion of a starter the lever of switching of the transmission has to be in neutral situation.

Note
The blocking allowing to launch the engine only after return of a key to situation "0" is provided in a design of the lock of ignition.

Launch of not heated-up carburetor engine is carried out by the lever of manual pumping: pump up fuel in the carburetor and several times press an accelerator pedal, press a pedal of coupling and include a starter, but no more than on 5 pages. An interval between inclusions — not less than 10-15 pages. If the engine is not launched after several attempts, find out a cause of failure of launch of the engine and eliminate malfunction (see. "Malfunctions in way"; "Engine").
Besides, at air temperature below 0 ° C switch-off the oil heater, close blinds of a radiator of cooling liquid.

Note
Temperature of cooling liquid of the heated-up carburetor engine has to be not lower than 60 ° C.

Launch of not heated-up injector engine is carried out as follows. Include ignition, at the same time the electrogasoline pump will join and will create pressure in a power supply system. Wait (about 5-7 c) when the electrogasoline pump is switched off.
Press a coupling pedal, include a starter and right after launch of the engine switch off a starter.

Fig. 1.8. Blocks of control and alarm lamps


Preventions
After inclusion of ignition a control lamp "CHECK the ENGINE", located in blocks of control lamps (see poses. 10 in fig. 1.8), has to join and go out, further burning of a lamp indicates malfunction in a control system of the engine.
If the car is equipped with catalytic converter of the fulfilled gases, then operation of the engine with the burning control lamp can lead to failure of converter and the sensor of concentration of oxygen.
At launch of the engine do not press an accelerator pedal.

If after three attempts the engine is not launched, reveal and eliminate malfunction.

Note
Temperature of cooling liquid of the heated-up injector engine has to be not lower than 70 ° C.

Launch of not heated-up diesel engine is carried out so. Transfer a start-up key to situation "I" – the electric pump of pumping of fuel will turn on and the control lamp of inclusion of candles of an incandescence located in blocks of control and alarm lamps will light up (see poses. 2 in fig. 1.8). Wait when the control lamp goes out, and after repeated fire press a pedal of coupling and include a starter. Right after launch of the engine switch off a starter. At warming up of the engine control of the frequency of rotation of a bent shaft is exercised automatically.
At a temperature of cooling liquid below +20 … +25os if the engine is not launched, return a start-up key to situation "0", then establish in situation "I", wait when the control lamp of inclusion of candles of an incandescence goes out, and repeat start-up. Resume repeated attempts of launch of the engine not earlier than through 15–20 pages.

Note
Temperature of cooling liquid of the heated-up diesel engine has to be not lower than 60 ° C.

Start only on the first transfer.
Do not exceed the norms of loading capacity specified in a technical characteristic of the car — the overload results in the increased wear of tires and details of a suspension bracket, to loss of course stability.
Regularly check air pressure in tires. The lowered pressure results in intensive wear of tires. The difference of values of pressure in tires of 0,2-0,3 atm causes deterioration in controllability of the car.
The cars equipped with catalytic converter of the fulfilled gases cannot be filled with ethylated gasoline — it will lead to bystry failure of converter.
For gas station use the fuels and lubricants and operational liquids recommended by manufacturer.
Regularly check a condition of plugs of the rechargeable battery and fastening of wires for them. Weakening of fastening or oxidation of plugs can put electronic devices of the car out of action.

Note
We recommend to replace brake fluid every year as it is very hygroscopic and is quickly saturated with moisture from air. The water which accumulated in system, besides corrosion of details of cylinders, causes decrease in temperature of boiling of liquid that can lead to refusal of brakes at frequent intensive braking.